For 1.00 mol of Cl2 in a volume of 2.50 L, calculate the difference in the energy between Uideal and Uvw. What is the percentage difference when compared with Uideal?
2. (a) Using the ideal gas equation, calculate the volume of 1 mol of a gas at a temperature of 25 °C and a pressure of 1 atm. This volume is called the Avogadro volume. (b) The atmosphere of Venus is 96.5% CO2(g). The surface temperature is about 730 K and the pressure is about 90 atm. Using the ideal gas equation, calculate the volume of 1 mol of CO2(g) under these conditions (Avogadro volume on Venus). (c) Use Maple/Mathematica and the van der Waals equation to obtain the Avogadro volume on Venus and compare it (fi nd the percentage difference) with the result obtained using the ideal gas equation.